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UTICAJ SPORTSKIH AKTIVNOSTII PRETILOSTI NA POSTURALNI STATUS ADOLESCENATA /

INFLUENCE OF SPORTS ACTIVITIES AND OBESITY ON THE POSTURAL STATUS OF ADOLESCENTS

Authors

 

Edin Buljugić1, Amra Mačak Hadžiomerović2, Aldina Alibegović2, Miloš Lazić2

1Privatna ordinacija specijaliste fizijatra “Sporticus”- dr Buljugić
2Univerzitet u Sarajevu, Fakultet zdravstvenih studija

 

UDK: 572.51-053.6
613.71/.74-053.6


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 15.09.2021.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 15.10.2021.

 


Correspondence to:


Edin Buljugić,
Ordinacija fizijatra “Sporticus”- dr Buljugić,
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
e-mail: buljugic.edin@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

Broj adolescenata s posturalnim poremećajima i gojaznošću raste, što može rezultirati ozbiljnim problemima ukoliko se ne otklone na vrijeme. Prekomjerna tjelesna masa i pretilost u pubertetu mogu imati kratkoročne, ali i dugoročne zdravstvene posljedice.Fizička neaktivnost u tom periodu života dovodi do hipotrofije muskulature, smanjenog tonusa mišića, ograničene pokretljivosti u zglobovima, što uz nepravilno sjedenje, nepravilno držanje tijela pri hodu,pogoduje razvoju posturalnih deformiteta. Loše prehrambene navike u periodu rane adolescencije pomažu da se steknu nefiziološki položaji, koji mogu dovesti do ozbiljnog oštećenja, te narušavanja zdravlja. Naučnim pregledom literature, mnoge studije su jasno ukazale na potrebu da se djeca aktivno uključe u fizičke aktivnosti, i to što ranije kako bi se radilo na prevenciji i otklanjanju gojaznosti, neuhranjenosti i posturalnih poremećaja.

 

Ključne riječi

„sport”, “pretilost”, „posturalni status, „adolescenti”.

 

 

 

Abstract

 

The number of adolescents with postural disorders and obesity is increasing, which can result in serious problems if not addressed in time. Being overweight and obese at puberty can have short-term as well as long – term health consequences. Physical inactivity in this period of life leads to hypotrophy of the muscles, reduced muscle tone, limited mobility in the joints, which, along with improper sitting, improper posture, favors the development of postural deformities. Poor eating habits in early adolescence help to acquire non – physiological positions, which can lead to serious damage and impaired health. Through the scientific review of the literature, many studies have clearly indicated the need for children to be actively involved in physical activities, and as early as possible, in order to work on the prevention and elimination of obesity, malnutrition and postural disorders.


Key words:

“sport”, “obesity”, “postural status,” “adolescents”.

 

 

 

 

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PDF: 04-MD-Vol 13 No 3-4 Sept-Dec 2021_Buljugić E. et al..pdf

 

 

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