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UTICAJ RATNIH STRESORA NA POJAVU RADNE INVALIDNOSTI OBOLJELIH OD DIJABETESA /

THE IMPACT OF WAR STRESSORS ON OCCURANCE OF WORK INVALIDITY IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETES

Authors

 

Vesna Krstović Spremo1, Sanja Marić2, Ljiljana Kulić3

1,2Univerzitet u Istočnom Sarajevu, Medicinski fakultet Foča, Republika Srpska, BiH
3Univerzitet u Prištini sa privremenim sedištem u Kosovskoj Mitrovici, Medicinski fakultet

 

UDK: 578.834(497.113)"2021


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 21.01.2022.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 21.04.2022.

 


Correspondence to:


Vesna Krstović Spremo
University of East Sarajevo,
Department of Primary Health Care and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine Foča,
Bosna i Hercegovina, Republika Srpska
73300 Foča, Studentska 5
Mob.: + 387 65 921 670
Fax.: + 387 58 210 007
e-mail: vesnakspremo@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

 

Uvod: Radna invalidnost predstavlja gubitak ili smanjenje sposobnosti za rad radnika na svom radnom mjestu. Cilj rada: Ispitati uticaj ratnih stresora na pojavu dijabetesa kao uzroka radne invalidnosti oboljelih. Metode rada: Istraživanje je obavljeno po tipu studije presjeka od jula 2017. do januara 2018 godine na randomizovanom uzorku od 191 oboljelih  od dijabetesa od čega 141 iz dva Doma zdravlja u Istočnom Sarajevu, a 50 ispitanika je bilo iz kategorije ratnih vojnih invalida (RVI) iz nekoliko medicinskih ustanova sa teritorije Republike Srpske (RS). Poseban kriterij za uvrštavanje RVI u istraživanje je bio da su oni stekli staus invalida  po osnovu bolesti, a ne zbog povrede. Instrument istraživanja je bio opšti upitnik sa 53 pitanja, a statistička obrada podataka je rađena u programu SPSS v.19. Značajnost razlike je testirana χ2 testom i Pirsonovim koeficijentom korelacije. Rezultati istraživanja: Procenat RVI koji su invalidi rada iznosi 50%, a  kod ostalih 15,6%  (χ2 = 14,3, p<0,001). RVI su mnogo mlađi oboljeli od  dijabetesa od ostalih ispitanika  (χ2 =13,840, p = 0,001) , više su nervozni (χ2 = 7,34, p < 0,01). Kod RVI postoji značajna korelacija između trajanja dijabetesa i broja godina u statusu invalidnosti (.522**), dužine bolovanja (-1.000**),  godina radnog staža i dužine bolovanja (1.000**). Zaključak:  Dijabetes je mogući uzrok invalidnosti i radne nesposobnosti kod  RVI u RS i u toj kategoriji se značjno javlja kod mlađih osoba, ali je dijabetes i jedan od osnovnih uzroka radne nesposobnosti u ukupnoj populaciji.

 

 

 

Ključne riječi:

Radna invalidnost, dijabetes, ratni vojni invalidi, stres

 

 

 

Abstract


Introduction: Work disability is a loss or reduction of work ability in workplace. The aim: of the study was to investigate the impact of war stressors on the occurence of working invalidity in patients with diabetes. Methods of study: The study was conducted by the type of cross-sectional study from July 2017 to January 2018. on a randomized sample of 191 diabetic patients, of which 141 were from two Health Centers in East Sarajevo, and 50 patients in the group of war veterans (WV) from several medical institutions from Republic of Srpska (RS). A special criterion for the inclusion of WV in the research was that they were in status WV due to disease, rather than injury. The instrument research was a questionnaire with 53 questions, and statistical data processing was done in SPSS v.19. The significance of difference was tested by the  χ2  test and the Pirson correlation coefficient. Research results: The WV percentage of work-disabled was 50% and in the other group was 15.6% (χ2 = 14.3, p<0.001). WV were much younger in diabetics than other subjects (χ2 = 13,840, p = 0.001), they are more nervous (χ2 = 7.34, p<0.01). There was a significant correlation between diabetes duration and number of years in disability status (.522**), longevity absenteism (-1000**), years of service and length of 1,000 **) in group of WV. Conclusion: Diabetes could be the cause of work invalidity in the popualation of WV in RS, and has a significant percentage in young people, but diabetes is also one of the main causes of work disability in the total population.

 

 


Key words:

Work  Disability, Diabetes, War Veterans, Stress

 

 

 

 

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PDFSpremo K. V. et al n MD-Medical Data 2022;14(1-2): 035-039

 

 

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