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UVOĐENJE NOVE ZDRAVSTVENE TEHNOLOGIJE U REHABILITACIONI TRETMAN DECE – ROBOT ASISTIRANA TEHNOLOGIJA (LOKOMAT PRO SISTEM) /

INTRODUCTION OF NEW HEALTH TECHNOLOGY IN THE REHABILITATION TREATMENT OF CHILDREN – ROBOT ASSISTED TREADMILL THERAPY (LOKOMAT PRO SYSTEM)

Authors

 

Jelena Lazić1,2, Branislava Brestovački Svitlica1,2 , Mirjana Stojšić1,2

1Instititut za zdravstvenu zaštitu dece i omladine Vojvodine;
2Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet

 

UDK: 007.52:615.8-053.2


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 01.06.2021.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 16.06.2021.

 


Correspondence to:


Jelena Lazić
University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Medicine
Hajduk Veljkova 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
telefon: 063/8247-088
e-mail: jelalazic69@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

 

Lokomat Pro sistem je uređaj koji uz pomoć egzoskeletnog robota za hodanje na pokretnoj traci, kao i ortoza koje su prilagodljive za svakog pacijenta, uz video igre i na interaktivan način podstiče pacijenta da uradi određenu vrstu pokreta uz aktivaciju ciljanih mišićnih grupa, čime se ubrzava i pospešuje oporavak. Koristi se u rehabilitaciji pacijenata koji imaju poteškoće u hodu, prouzrokovane oboljenjima ili povredama centralnog i perifernog nervnog sistema. Istraživanja su pokazala da primena robot asistitrane terapije hoda pomoću Lokomata dovodi do poboljšanja lokomotornih funkcija, povećava se broj ponovljenih pokreta, poboljšava se simetrija i ravnoteža, povećava se izdržljivost kardiovaskularnog sistema, kao i samostalnost pacijenata (naročito u ranoj fazi rehabilitacije), smanjuje se spastičnost donjih ekstremiteta, poboljšava funkcionisanje pri aktivnostima svakodnevnog života, dovodi do smanjenja inaktivitetne atrofije, straha pacijenata (npr. od pada), uvežbava se balans, pokretljivost zglobova i izvodi istezanje muskulature u cilju podsticanja neuroplastičnog mozga. Ideja o uvođenju robot asistirane tehnologije u rehabilitacioni tretman kod dece, ima nameru da doprinese unapređenju kvaliteta dečje zdravstvene zaštite u Republici Srbiji.

 

 

 

Ključne reči:

Lokomat Pro, rehabilitacija, terapija, nove tehnologije

 

 

 

Abstract

The Locomat Pro System is a device that interactively encourages the patient to make a certain type of movement by activating target muscle groups, with the help of an exosceleton robot for walking on a threadmill. Thus it accelerates recovery. It is used in the rehabilitation of patients who have difficulty walking, caused by diseases or injuries of the central and peripheral nervous system. Studies have shown that the use of robot-assisted gait therapy using Lokomat improves locomotor functions, increases the number of repeated movements, improves symmetry and balance, increases endurance of the cardiovascular system, as well as patient independence (especially in early rehabilitation), reduces lower extremity spasticity, improves functioning in everyday life activities, leads to a reduction in physical inactivity-induced atrophy, patients' fear (eg of falling), improves balance, joint mobility and performs stretching of muscles to stimulate the brain neuroplasticity. The idea of introducing robot-assisted technology in rehabilitation treatment for children, intends to contribute to improving the quality of children's health care in the Republic of Serbia.

 

 

 


Keywords:

Lokomat Pro, rehabilitation, therapy, new technologies

 

 

 

 

References:

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PDF04-MD-Vol 13 No 2 Jun 2021_Lazic et al.

 

 

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