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BIHEJVIORALNI PRISTUP U REHABILITACIJI PACIJENATA SA OROFARINGEALNOM DISFAGIJOM U ODRASLOM DOBU /

BEHAVIORAL APPROACH TO TREATING ADULTS WITH OROPHARYNGEAL DYSPHAGIA

Authors

 

Staša Ivezić1, Mila Veselinović1,2, Jelena Vrućinić1, Ivana Matić1

1Katedra za Specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju, Medicinski fakultet Univerziteta u Novom Sadu, Hajduk Veljkova 1, 21000 Novi Sad, Srbija
2Klinika za otorinolaringologiju i hirurgiju glave i vrata, Klinički centar Vojvodine, Novi Sad

 

616.32-008.1-085
615.851


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 28.02.2021.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 24.03.2021.

 


Correspondence to:


Staša Ivezić
Medicinski fakultet
Univerziteta u Novom Sadu,
21000 Novi Sad, Srbija
Tel: +38165741174
e-mail: nsstasa@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

 

Orofaringealna disfagija predstavlja poremećaj gutanja sa primarnim patološkim procesom lokalizovanim u oblastima oralne i faringealne regije i čest je simptom bolesti različite etiologije sa generalno lošom prognoznom i razarajućim uticajem na fizičko i mentalno zdravlje pacijenta. Bihejvioralni pristup rehabilitaciji orofaringealne disfagije uključuje primenu kompenzatornih i rehabilitacionih strategija i tehnika uz aktivno uključivanje pacijenta u proces rehabilitacije. I pored postojanja velikog broja istraživanja o efikasnosti bihejvioralnih tehnika, evidentan je nedostatak dobro osmišljenih, multicentričnih studija koje bi dokazale efikasnost primenjenih tehnika uz sagledavanje svih faktora od značaja za uspešnost rehabilitacije. Neophodno je omogućiti interdisciplinarnu saradnju stručnjaka u kreiranju i sprovođenju istraživanja u ovoj oblasti u cilju implementacije rezultata istraživanja i unapređenja rehabilitacije poremećaja gutanja kao naučne i kliničke oblasti.

 

 

 

Ključne reči:

orofaringealna disfagija, bihejvioralni pristup, kompenzatorne strategije i tehnike, rehabilitacione strategije i tehnike

 

 

 

Abstract


Oropharyngeal dysphagia is a swallowing disorder with a primary pathological process localized in the areas of the oral and pharyngeal region and is a common symptom of diseases of various etiologies with a generally poor prognosis and a devastating effect on the patient’s physical and mental health. Behavioral treatment approach includes the application of compensatory and rehabilitative strategies and techniques with active patient participation in the rehabilitation process. Despite the existence of a large number of studies on the effectiveness of behavioral strategies and techniques in the rehabilitation of patients with swallowing disorders, there is a lack of well-designed multicenter studies that would prove the effectiveness of applied techniques with regards to all relevant factors of rehabilitation success. It is necessary to enable interdisciplinary cooperation of experts in the design and implementation of research in this field in order to implement the research results and further improve the rehabilitation of swallowing disorders as a scientific and a clinical field.

 

 


Key words:

oropharyngeal dysphagia, behavioral treatment, compensatory strategies and techniques, rehabilitative strategies and techniques

 

 

 

 

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PDF08-MD-Vol 13 No 1 2021_Ivezić et al.

 

 

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