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BEZBEDNOSNI IZAZOVI REPUBLIKE SRBIJE U SPREČAVANJU I SUZBIJANJU ZDRAVSTVENIH PRETNJI PROUZROKOVANIH MIGRANTSKOM KRIZOM /

SECURITY CHALLENGES FACED BY THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA IN PREVENTING AND COMBATING HEALTH THREATS CAUSED BY THE MIGRANT CRISIS

Authors

 

Marija Komljenović

1Visoka medicinska škola strukovnih studija “Milutin Milanković”

 

UDK: 616.98:578.834]:314.15-054.73


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 12.11.2020.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 10.12.2020.

 


Correspondence to:


Marija Komljenović
Visoka medicinska škola strukovnih studija “Milutin Milanković”,
Crnotravska 27, 1100 Beograd
telefon: +381604029007
e-mail: marija.v.komljenovic@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak


Predmet ovog istraživanja su bezbednosni izazovi sa kojima je suočena Republika Srbija u sprečavanju i suzbijanju zdravstvenih pretnji, u uslovima savremene evropske migrantske krize. Ciljevi istraživanja su utvrđivanje i opis potencijalnih zdravstvenih pretnji koje mogu nastati kao rezultat migrantske krize na teritoriji Republike Srbije. Ovo istraživanje se bazira na kvalitativnoj analizi javno dostupnih podataka koji se tiču zdravstvene dimenzije migrantske krize, sa posebnim osvrtom na godišnje izveštaje Međunarodne zdravstvene organizacije (World Health Organization, WHO), i Instituta za javno zdravlje Dr Jovanović Batut. Vremenski okvir istraživanja obuhvata period intenziviranja migrantske krize na teritoriji Republike Srbije, do proglašenje svetske pandemije teškog akutnog respiratornog sindroma koronavirusa 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Prostorni okvir ovog istraživanja u najširem smislu obuhvata zemlje porekla migranata, dok u najužem smislu obuhvata teritoriju Republike Srbije. Tokom istraživanja je utvrđeno da ne postoji sistematska uzročno-posledična veza između migranata i širenja bolesti u vremenskoj i prostornoj dimenziji koja je posmatrana, a da migranti, od svih potencijalnih zdravstvnih tegoba, najviše problema imaju sa narušenim mentalnim zdravljem. Služeći se teorijom kontakta i konflikta Patnama (Putnam), kao i teorijom moralne panike Koena (Cohen), ovo istraživanje teži da definiše bezbednosne izazove koje integracija migranata u društvo predstavlja. Ovo istraživanje dalo je saznanja o zdravstvenim pretnjama, na prvom mestu posttraumatskom stresnom poremećaju koji je prisutan među migrantima. Rad je odgovorio na osnovno istraživačko pitanje, da postojanje poremećaja mentalnog zdravlja među migrantskom populacijom može značajno negativno uticati na njihovu sposobnost da se uspešno integrišu u društvo.


Ključne reči:

migrantska kriza, bezbednosni izazovi, zdravstvene pretnje, mentalno zdravlje, Republika Srbija, teorija kontakta i konflikta, teorija moralne panike

 

Abstract


This paper examines security challenges faced by the Republic of Serbia in combating health threats, in the circumstances of the ongoing European migrant crisis. The author aims to identify and describe potential health threats that may arise as a result of the migrant crisis in the Republic of Serbia. This research is based on a qualitative analysis of publicly available data concerning the health dimension of the migrant crisis, with special reference to the annual reports of the International Health Organization (WHO) and the ''Dr. Milan Jovanović Batut'' Institute of Public Health. The time frame of this researchincludes the„peak“ of the migrant crisis on the territory of the Republic of Serbia until the proclamation of the global pandemic of Severe Acute Respiratory Coronavirus Syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The spatial framework of this research in the broadest sense depicts the countries of origin of migrants, while in the narrowest sense covers the territory of the Republic of Serbia. During the research it was determined that there is no systematic cause-and-effect relationship between migrants and the spreading of new and re-emerging infectious diseases. In the temporal and spatial dimension of this paper, it was observed that migrants, out of all potential health issues, dominantly have mental health problems. The author clarifies the core concepts of Putnam's theory of contact and conflict, as well as Cohen's theory of moral panic, and thus defines possible security challenges that the integration of migrants into society poses. This research provided insights into health threats present among migrants, primarily post-traumatic stress disorder. The paper answers the basic research question, by concluding that the existence of mental health disorders amongst the migrant population can significantly negatively affect their ability to successfully integrate into society.

 

Keywords:

migrant crisis, security challenges, health threats, mental health, Republic of Serbia, contact and conflict theory, moral panic theory

 

 

 

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PDF 03-Vol 12 No4 Komljenović

 

 

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