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INTERAKCIJA PROFESIJE I RADNOG OKRUŽENJA NA POJAVU CERVIKALNOG BOLNOG SINDROMA RADNO AKTIVNE POPULACIJE /

INTERACTION OF PROFESSION AND WORK ENVIRONMENT ON THE OCCURRENCE OF CERVICAL PAIN SYNDROME OF THE WORKING POPULATION

Authors

 

Ranka Ogurlić1, Anka Vukićević2

1JZU Dom zdravlja Herceg Novi, Herceg Novi, Crna Gora / Public Health Center, Herceg Novi, Montenegro
2NVO ,,Ljepota zdravlja“, Nikšić, Crna Gora / NGO "Beauty of Health", Nikšić, Montenegro

 

UDK: 613.65


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 05.07.2020.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 26.07.2020.

 


Correspondence to:


Ranka Ogurlić
JZU Dom zdravlja Herceg Novi,
Nikole Ljubibratića 1
Herceg Novi, Crna Gora
e-mail: rankaogurlic@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

Uvod: Jedan od najčešćih zdravstvenih problema današnjeg društva je cervikalni bolni sindrom. Uzrokuje bol, patnju i ima znatan uticaj na radnu sposobnost i kvalitet života radnika. Uzroci njegovog nastanka mogu biti genetske, individualne, psihosocijalne i ergonomske prirode. Nažalost, brojni dokazi idu u prilog činjenici da su oni rezultat interakcije brojnih faktora rizika i radnog okruženja. Loše dizajnirano radno mjesto, neugodan položaj tijela, loša postura, razni stereotipni pokreti i druge opasnosti na radnom mjestu veliki su prediktor učestalosti ovog sindroma. Cilj: Ispitati uticaj profesionalnog zanimanja i radnog okruženja na pojavu cerviklnog bolnog sindroma radno aktivne populacije. Materijal i metod: Neeksperimentalno kvalitativno istraživanje o uticaju profesionalnog zanimanja i radnog okruženja na pojavu cerviklnog bolnog sindromau kojem su korištene različite baze podataka. Rezultati: Iz pregledanih objavljenih izvještaja sumirane su stope prevalence, omjeri koeficijenta, etiološki faktori i njihovi intervali pouzdanosti.Faktori koji utiču na nastanak cervikalnog bola mogu biti individualni, antropometrijski, psihosocijalni i ergonomski. Vrsta posla, organizacija i uslovi rada, način opterećenja poslom, kvantitativni zahtjevi posla, niska socijalna podrška i nizak nivo fizičke aktivnostidodatno doprinose ovom problemu. Zaključak: Ispitivanjem povezanosti radnog okruženja i zanimanja sa pojavom  cervikalnog bolnog sindroma zaključeno je da rizičnoj grupi pripadaju pojedini profesionalci jer su njihovi poslovi povezani s različitim tegobama u cervikalnom području. Pravovremeno otkrivanje uzroka cervikalnog bola, djelovanje na rizikofaktore i prilagođavanje radnog okruženja su neophodne preventivne mjere kojima se može ublažiti ili izbjeći pojava ovog sindromaa time uticati na zadovoljstvo i produktivnost zaposlenog.

 

 

 

Ključne reči:

cervikalni bol, profesinalno zanimanje, radnici, radno okruženje.

 

 

Abstract

 

Introduction: One of the most common health problems of today’s society is cervical pain syndrome. This syndrome causes pain, suffering and has a significant impact on the working ability and quality of life of workers. The causes of its occurrencescan be genetic, individual, psychosocial and ergonomic factors.Unfortunately, the facts and the evidence base provide the informationthat they are the result of the interaction of numerous risk factors and the work environment.Incorrectdesigned workplace, incorrect body position and posture, various stereotypical movements and other hazards in the workplace are a major predictor of the frequency of this syndrome. The purpose of this study: Examination of the impact of professional occupation and work environment on the occurrence of cervical pain syndrome in the working population. Material and methods: Non-experimental qualitative research on the impactof professional occupation and work environment on the occurrence of cervical pain syndrome in which they were reviewedand used various databases were. Results: Prevalence rates, coefficient ratios, etiological factors, and their confidence intervals were summarized from the reviewed published reports. Factors influencing the development of cervical pain can be individual, anthropometric, psychosocial and ergonomic.The type of work, organization and working conditions, workload, high quantitative job requirements, low social support, and low level of physical activity further contribute to this problem. Conclusion: Examining the connection between the work environment and occupation with the occurrence of cervical pain syndrome, it was concluded that certain professionals belong to the risk group because their jobs are associated with various problems in the cervical area.Identifying the causes of cervical pain and time, acting on risk factors and adjusting the work environment are necessary preventive measures that can reduce or avoid the occurrence of this syndrome andencourage employee satisfaction and productivity.

 

 

Key words:

cervical pain, professional occupation, workers, work environment.

 

 

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PDF Ogurlić R. and Vukićević A. • MD-Medical Data 2020;12(3): 149-153

 

 

 

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