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KOMUNALNA BUKA U BOLNIČKOJ I ŠKOLSKOJ AKUSTIČKOJ ZONI GRADA ŠAPCA, SRBIJA /

COMMUNITY NOISE IN THE HOSPITAL AND SCHOOL ACOUSTIC ZONES OF THE CITY OF ŠABAC, SERBIA

Authors

 

Marijana Srećković1 , Dušan Backović2 , Predrag Kuzmanović1,3 , Bojan Damnjanović1 , Slobodanka Radojević4 , Igor Dragičević4,5

1Akademija strukovnih studija Šabac, Odsek za medicinske i poslovno-tehnološke studije, Srbija
2Institut za higijenu i medicinsku ekologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Beogradu, Srbija
3Departman za fiziku, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Srbija
4Zavod za javno zdravlje Šabac, Srbija
5Fakultet zdravstvenih nauka, Evropski univerzitet Brčko distrikt, Bosna i Hercegovina

 

UDK: 616.45-089-06(497.11)"2012/2016"


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 21.05.2020

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 22.06.2020.

 


Correspondence to:


Marijana Srećković
Akademija strukovnih studija Šabac,
Odsek za medicinske i poslovno-tehnološke studije, Srbija
Vladimira Vasića 9, 15 000 Šabac
Telefon: +381638369898
e-mail: drsreckovicmaja@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

Uvod: Buka deluje višestruko štetnona zdravlje čoveka, uzrokujući zamor i smanjenje radne sposobnosti, ometa sporazumevanje, odmor i spavanje. Bolnička i školska sredina su akustičke zone naselja u kojima postoji visok rizik ispoljavanja ovih zdravstvenih efekata buke. Cilj: Ispitati izlaganje komunalnoj buci u bolničkoj i školskoj zoni grada Šapca u odnosu na zakonski ustanovljene granične vrednosti. Materijal i metode: Sprovedena je retrospektivna analiza rezultata merenja nivoa buke u blizini osnovnih škola i zdravstvenih ustanova na teritoriji grada Šapca, koje je sproveo Zavod za javno zdravlje Šabac u periodu od 2016. do 2018. godine. Kretanje nivoa buke u posmatranom periodu je predstavljeno linearnim trend modelom. Rezultati: Merna mesta analiziranih lokacija se nalaze pored glavnih gradskih saobraćajnica. Prekoračenja ekvivalentnih nivoa buke u odnosu na granične vrednosti ubolničkoj akustičkoj zonibila suod 13 do 15 dB danju i od 16 do 20 dB noću. U školskoj akustičkoj zoni prekoračenja graničnih vrednosti buke su bila od 8 dB do 13 dB danju i od 6 dB do 13 dB noću. Zabeležen je linearni godišnji trend rasta ekvivalentnih nivoa buke i to za 1,5 dB danju i za  i 1 dB noću. Zaključak: Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata I dosadašnjih naučnih saznanja iz ove oblasti, može se zaključiti da zabeleženi nivoi buke u Šapcu mogu predstavljati factor rizika za zdravlje vulnerabilnih grupa stanovništva u bolničkoj i školskoj akustičkoj zoni.

                                

 

 

 

Ključne reči:

ekvivalentni nivo buke, zdravstvene ustanove, osnovne škole, životna sredina

 

 

Abstract

 

Introduction: Noise affects human health in many ways, causing fatigue and reduced work ability andinterfering with communication, rest and sleep. In the hospital and school acoustic residential zonesthere is a raised risk of these health effects of noise. Objective: Investigation of exposure to communal noise in the hospital and school zones of the city of Šabac in relation to the established limit values. Material end methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the results of noise measurements around primary schools and health institutions in  the city of Šabac, from 2016 to 2018. A linear trend model was used to present yearly changes of noise levels in the observed period. Results: The measuring points at the analyzed locations were close the main roads. In the hospital acoustic zone the limit values of noise were exceeded by13-15 dB during day and by 16-20 dB during night. In the school acoustic zone, the limit noise values were exceeded by 8 dB to 13 dB during day and by 6 dB to 13 dB during night. Only in one school-yard noise levels did not exceed the limits, We found anincreasing linear trend of day and night noise levels by 1.5 dB and 1 dB per year,respectively. Conclusion: Based on the obtained results and previous scientific knowledge in this field, it may be concluded that the recorded noise levels in the hospital and school zones of  Šabac may be a health riskfor vulnerable groups of people.

 

 

Key words:

noise, health facilities, primary schools, environment

 

 

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PDF Srećković M. et al • MD-Medical Data 2020;12(2): 091-095

 

 

 

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