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PAMETNE POMOĆNE TEHNOLOGIJE KOD OBOLELIH OD ALCHAJMEROVE BOLESTI /
INTELLIGENT ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY FOR PATIENTS WITH ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE

Authors

 

Marijana Srećković1,5, Dušan Backović2, Predrag Kuzmanović1,3, Zoran Jovanović1,4, Miloš Mijić1, Tihomir Dugandžija5,6

1Visoka medicinska i poslovno-tehnološka škola strukovnih studija Šabac, Srbija
2Univerzitet u Beogradu, Institut za higijenu i medicinsku ekologiju, Medicinski fakultet
3Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Departman za fiziku
4Opšta bolnica „Dr Laza K. Lazarević” Šabac, Srbija
5Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Srbija
6Institut za onkologiju Vojvodine, Sremska Kamenica, Serbia

 

UDK: 616-07:621.39
613-056.24:616.89-008.434.37


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 15.10.2019.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 24.10.2019.

 


Correspondence to:


Marijana Srećković
Visoka medicinska i poslovno-tehnološka škola strukovnih studija Šabac, Srbija
Hajduk Veljkova 10, 15000 Šabac
Telefon: +381638369898
e-mail: drsreckovicmaja@gmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

Napredak medicinske nauke i tehnologije  produžio je očekivani životni vek, ali i doveo do toga da se danas suočavamo sa sve veči brojem osoba koje pate od neizlečivih i dugotrajnih masovnih nezaraznih bolesti. Alchajmerova bolest je vrsta demencije koja uzrokuje probleme sa kognitivnim funkcijama, pamćenjem, mišljenjem i ponašanjem. Simptomi se obično razvijaju polako i vremenom se pogoršavaju, postaju dovoljno ozbiljni da bi mogli ometati svakodnevne zadatke. Alchajmerova bolest ima fizički, psihološki, socijalni i ekonomski uticaj, ne samo na ljude sa demencijom, već i na njihove negovatelje, porodice i društvo uopšte, što predstavlja veliki javno-zdravstveni problem. Pošto trenutno ne postoje mogućnosti za efikasno lečenje i izlečenje, primenjuju se farmakološke i nefarmakološke metode radi poboljšanja kvaliteta života obolelih, jer izlečenje trenutno ne postoji. Jedan od takvih nefarmakoloških pristupa je upotreba pametne pomoćne tehnologije koja može doprineti poboljšanju kvaliteta života pacijenata i njihovih negovatelja. Pametna pomoćna tehnologija može biti od pomoći obolelima od Alchajmerove bolesti, tako što povećava njihovu sigurnost, poboljšava društveni život, pozitivno utiče na mentalno zdravlje, a negovateljima omogućavaju poboljšanje društvenog života i obavljanje poslovnih obaveza. Ovaj rad istražuje vrste pametne pomoćne tehnologije od pomoći pacijentima sa Alchajmerovom bolešću i njihovim negovateljima, prednosti i nedostatke pametne pomoćne tehnologije u tretmanu obolelih. Takođe je predstavljen je pregled etičkih pitanja koja su pokrenuta korišćenjem pametne pomoćne tehnologije u slučaju Alzheimerove bolesti.

 

 

 

Ključne reči:

pametna pomoćna tehnologija, Alchajmerova bolest, negovatelj, benefit, etičnost

 

 

Abstract

 

The advances in medical science and technology have extended humans life expectancy, but today we are facing an increasing number of people suffering from the incurable and long duration mass non-communicable diseases. Alzheimer's disease is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Alzheimer's disease has a physical, psychological, social and economic impact, not only on people with dementia, but also on their caregivers, families and society in general, which is a major public health problem. As there are currently no options for effective treatment and cure, pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods are being applied to improve the quality of life of patients, since there is currently no healing. One such non-pharmacological approach is the use of Intelligent Assistive Technology (IAT) that can contribute to improving the quality of life of patients and their caregivers. IAT can be helpful for patients with Alzheimer's disease, because of enhancing their safety, improving social life, positively affecting mental health, and allow caregivers to improve their social life and fulfill their business responsibilities. This paper explores the types of IAT that helps patients with Alzheimer's disease and their caregivers, the advantages and disadvantages of IAT in treating patients. An overview of the ethical issues raised by the use of IAT in the case of Alzheimer's disease was also presented.

 

Key words:

intelligent assistive technology, Alzheimer’s disease, caregivers, benefits, ethics

 

 

 

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PDF Srećković M. et al • MD-Medical Data 2019;11(3): 147-152

 

 

 

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