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UTICAJ VITAMINSKE SUPLEMENTACIJE NA ISHOD TRUDNOĆE /
EFFECT OF VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTATION ON BIRTH OUTCOME

Authors

 

Sonja Lukač1, Đorđe Petrović2,3, Dunja Bečejac1

1Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakutet
2Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakutet, Katedra za ginekologiju i akušerstvo
3Klinika za ginekologiju i akušerstvo, Klinički centar Vojvodine, Novi Sad

 

UDK: 615.356:618.3


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 23.10.2019.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 14.11.2019.

 


Correspondence to:


dr Sonja Lukač
Seljačkih buna 1, 21000 Novi Sad
telefon: 0646595057
e-mail: lukac.sonja@live.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

Uvod: Trudnoća je nutritivno jedan od najzahtevnijih perioda u životu žene. U trudnoći se povećavaju potrebe za skoro svim vitaminima. U današnje vreme široko su rasprostranjeni vitaminski preparati za upotrebu u različitim fazama trudnoće radi poboljšanja zdravlja kako trudnice tako i ploda. Sve više se postavlja pitanje da li je potrebna supstitucija vitamina trudnicama koje nemaju klinički dokazan deficit u vitaminima. Cilj: Ispitivanje uticaja vitaminske suplementacije na telesnu težinu i dužinu novorođenčadi kao i uticaj na promenu BMI indexa majke pre trudnoće i pre samog porođaja. Materija i metode: Istraživanje je sprovedeno u januaru i februaru 2019. godine, kao prospektivna studija u Klinici za ginekologiju i akušerstvno, Kliničkog centra Vojvodine u Novom Sadu. Osnovu istraživanja čini analiza podataka prikupljenih upitnikom u vidu ankete. U studiju su uključene samo porodilje koje su tokom cele trudnoće koristile multivitaminske preparate i one koje uopšte nisu koristile vitaminsku suplementaciju. Sve porodilje su podeljene u dve grupe: one koje su koristile vitaminsku suplementaciju i one koje nisu koristile vitaminsku suplementaciju tokom trudnoće. Rezultati: Analiza rezultata ukazuje na statistički značajnu razliku u telesnoj težini novorođenčadi majki koje su koristile vitaminsku suplementaciju, ne postoji statistički značajan uticaj na telesnu dužinu novorođenčeta, kao ni na statistički značajnu promenu odnosa BMI indexa pre trudnoće i pre samog porođaja kod porodilja koje su koristile vitaminsku suplementaciju u odnosu na porodilje koje nisu. Zaključak: Rezultati istraživanja, uz komparaciju sa navodima iz literature, ukazuju da vitaminska suplementacija značajno utiče na prirast u telesnoj težini novorođenčeta.

 

 

Ključne reči:

Vitaminska suplementacija; telesna težina novorođenčeta; telesna dužina novorođenčeta; BMI porodilje

 

 

Abstract

 

Introduction: Pregnancy is nutritionally one of the most demanding periods in a woman's life. In pregnancy, the needs for almost all vitamins are increased. Nowadays, vitamins are widely used to improve the health of both the mother and the child during the different stages of pregnancy. More and more questions arise as to whether vitamin supplements are needed for pregnant women who do not have a clinically proven deficit in vitamins. Goals: To investigate the effect of vitamin supplements on the weight and length of newborns, as well as the impact on mother's BMI index before pregnancy and before birth. Materials and methods: The research was conducted in January and February 2019, as a prospective study at the Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, the Clinical Center of Vojvodina in Novi Sad. The basis of the research is the analysis of data collected by the questionnaire in the form of a survey. The study included only the women who used multivitamin preparations and those who did not use vitamin supplements at all during pregnancy. All women were divided into two groups: those who used vitamin supplements and those who did not use vitamin supplements during pregnancy. Results: The analysis of the results indicates a statistically significant difference in the severity of newborn mothers who used vitamin supplementation, there was no significant effect on the length of the newborn, nor on the statistically significant change in the ratio of BMI index before pregnancy and before the birth who used vitamin supplementation in relation to mothers who did not. Conclusion: The results of the study, in comparison with the literature data, show that vitamin supplementation significantly affects the weight of the newborn.

 

 

Key words:

vitamin supplementation; body weight of the newborn; body length of the newborn; mother’s BMI

 

 

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PDF Lukač S. et al • MD-Medical Data 2019;11(3-4): 117-122

 

 

 

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