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UTICAJ TRENINGA JOGE NA METABOLIZAM U MIROVANJU, PLUĆNU FUNKCIJU I MIŠIĆNU JAČINU
EFFECT OF YOGA ON RESTING METABOLIC RATE, LUNG FUNCTION AND MUSCULAR STRENGTH

Authors

 

Aleksandra Rakovac1, Enis Garipi1, Stevan Oluić1, Tamara Gavrilović2, Stefan Stavrić1, Irina Stojanac1, Miodrag Drapšin1

1Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za Fiziologiju
2Zavod za sport i medicinu sporta Republike Srbije

 

UDK: 796.41.012:233-852.5Ј
613.72


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 05.09.2018.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 12.09.2018.

 


Correspondence to:


Dr Aleksandra Rakovac
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu – Medicinski fakultet
Katedra za fiziologiju,
Hajduk Veljkova 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Srbija
Telefon: +381 63 75 80 250
e-mail: aleksandra.rakovac@mf.uns.ac.rs

 

 

Sažetak

 

Uvod: Hatha joga stavlja akcenat na fizičke položaje tela - Asana, vežbe disanja - Pranayama i meditaciju - Dhyana. Postoji pretpostavka da se kontinuiranim izvođenjem različitih postura u okviru Asana-e i vežbi disanja u okviru Pranayama-e postiže uticaj na lokomotorni, nervni, endokrini i kardiopulmonalni sistem. Cilj istraživanja je bio utvrditi uticaj treninga Hatha joge na vrednosti metabolizma u mirovanju, plućnu funkciju i mišićnu jačinu kod osoba koje vežbaju jogu, kao i poređenje navedenih parametara sa sportistima i nesportistima. Materijal i metode: Istraživanje je sprovedeno na 30 zdravih ispitanika uzrasta 21,9±2,43 godina. Ispitanici su bili podeljeni u tri grupe: jogisti, sportisti i nesportisti. Izvršena su merenja antropometrijskih parametara, vrednosti metabolizma u mirovanju, plućne funkcije i mišićne jačine gornjih i donjih ekstremiteta. Rezultati: Najviše vrednosti metabolizma u mirovanju zabeležene su kod sportista (2308,8 ± 491,79 kcal/dan) u poređenju sa nesportistima (1691,0 ± 267,2 kcal/dan) (p <0,05) i jogistima (1798,2 ± 227,32 kcal/dan) (p <0,05). Nije uočeno postojanje stastistički značajne razlike u pogledu vrednosti plućnih parametara između sve tri grupe ispitanika. U grupi sportista su izmerene najviše vrednosti dinamometrijskih parametara i statistički se značajno razlikuju u odnosu na vrednosti jogista i nesportista (p <0,05). Zaključak: Za utvrđivanje važnosti joge u odnosu na testirane parametre potrebno je sprovesti istraživanje na većem uzorku ispitanika sa učestalijim treninzima. Jedan od kriterijuma za isključenje iz istraživanja bi bio konzumiranje duvana.

 

 

Ključne reči:

Hatha joga, energetska potrošnja, spirometrija, dinamometrijski parametri

 

 

Abstract

 

Introduction: Hatha yoga puts emphasis on physical body postures-Asana, breathing exercises-Pranayama and meditation-Dhyana. There is an assumption that the continuous performance of various postures within Asana and breathing exercises within Pranayama will have an impact on the locomotor, nervous, endocrine and cardiopulmonary system. The aim was to determine the effect of Hatha yoga on the resting metabolic rate, lung function and muscle strength in yogists, as well as to compare these parameters among athletes and non-athletes. Material and methods: The study was conducted on 30 healthy subjects age 21.9 ± 2.43. The participants were divided into three groups: yogists, athletes and non-athletes. Measurements of anthropometric parameters, values of resting metabolic rate, lung function and muscle strength of the upper and lower extremities were conducted. Results: The highest levels of resting metabolic rate were observed in athletes (2308.8±491.79 kcal/day) compared to non-athletes (1691.0 ± 267.2 kcal/day) (p<0.05) and yogists (1798.2±227.32 kcal/day) (p <0.05). There was no evidence of a statistically significant difference in the value of lung parameters among all three groups. The highest values of dynamometric parameters were measured in the group of athletes and these values were statistically significantly different from the values observed among yogists and non-athletes (p<0.05). Conclusion: In order to determine the importance of yoga in relation to the tested parameters, research should be conducted on a larger number of participants who practice more frequently. One of the criteria for exclusion from the study would be tobacco consumption.

 

 

Keywords:

Hatha yoga, energy consumption, spirometry, dynamometric parameters

 

 

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PDFRakovac A. et al. • MD-Medical Data 2018;10(3): 149-153

 

 

 

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