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KVALITET ŽIVOTA KOD ŽENA U POSTMENOPAUZI SA SMANJENOM MINERALNOM KOŠTANOM GUSTINOM
QUALITY OF LIFE IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH REDUCED BONE MINERAL DENSITY

Authors

 

Zorica Vučić1, Nikola Bondžić1, Jelena Zvekić-Svorcan1,2

1Katedra za Medicinsku rehabilitaciju. Medicinski fakultet Novi Sad. Univerzitet u Novom Sadu. Srbija.
2Specijalna bolnica za reumatske bolesti Novi Sad. Srbija.

 

UDK: 616.71-007.234-055.2
613-055.2:612.662.9


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 21.06.2018.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 16.08.2018.

 


Correspondence to:


Asist.dr Jelena Zvekić-Svorcan
Katedra za medicinsku rehabilitaciju
Medicinski fakultet Novi Sad
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
e-mail: jelena.zvekic-svorcan@mf.uns.ac.rs

 

 

Sažetak

 

Uvod: Osteoporoza je sistemska, metabolička bolest skeletnog sistema koju karakteriše niska koštana gustina uz povećanje krhkosti kostiju što sve dovodi do smanjenog kvaliteta života. Cilj rada je bio da se ispita kvalitet života kod žena u postmenopauzi sa smanjenom mineralnom koštanom gustinom. Materijal i metode: Prospektivna studija preseka obuhvatila je 40 žena u posmenopauzi kojima je osteodenzitometrijskim merenjem utvrđeno da imaju smanjenu mineralnu koštanu gustinu. Dobijeni rezultati interpretirani su prema važećoj definiciji osteoporoze. Svima su postavljena identična pitanja iz upitnika QUALEFFO-41 srpska ver. Faktori isključenja: ispitanice koje su u premenopauzi, druge metaboličke bolesti kostiju, mineralna koštana gustina na nivou T-skora >-1SD. Statistička obrada podataka urađena je u kompjuterskom programu SPSS ver. 24. Rezultati: Starosna dob, indeks telesne mase i starost ispitanica u vreme menopauze ne utiče na kvalitet života. Kvalitet života ispitanica je statistički značajno povezan sa T-skorom vrata butne kosti, kuka i kičme (p<0,001), kao i sa mineralnom koštanom gustinom vrata butne kosti, kuka i kičme (p<0,05). Takođe postoji statistički značajna povezanost broja vertebralnih preloma (p<0,001) sa lošijim kvalitetom života. Zaključak: Lošiji kvalitet života imaju ispitanice koje imaju smanjenu mineralnu koštanu gustinu, pretrpljene vertebralne prelome kao i one sa veći brojem vertebralnih preloma.

 

 

Ključne reči:

kvalitet života; mineralna koštana gustina; prelomi

 

 

Abstract

 

Introduction: Osteoporosis is a systemic metabolic disease of the skeletal system characterized by low bone mass/density with increased bone fragility and often leads to a reduced life quality. The aim of this study was to examine the quality of life in postmenopausal women with reduced mineral bone density. Materials and methods: This prospective study included 40 postmenopausal women with reduced mineral bone density proved with osteodensitometric measurements. The obtained results were interpreted according to the valid definition of osteoporosis. All participants filled QUALEFFO-41 Serbian ver. Exclusion factors: subjects in premenopausal, other metabolic bone diseases, mineral bone density at the level of T-score > -1SD. Statistical data processing was done in the computer program SPSS ver. 24. Results: Age, body mass index and age of subjects during menopause does not affect the quality of life. The quality of life of subjects is statistically significantly related to the T-neck of the femur, hip and spine (p <0.001), as well as with mineral bone density of the neck of the femur, hip and spine (p <0.05). There is also a statistically significant association between the number of vertebral fractures (p <0.001) with worse quality of life. Conclusion: Subjects with reduced mineral bone density, sustained vertebral fractures and higher number of vertebral fractures have worse quality of life.

 

 

Keywords:

Quality of life; Bone mineral density; Fractures

 

 

Literatura:

 

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PDFVučić S. et al.•MD-Medical Data 2018;10(3): 143-147

 

 

 

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