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SADRŽAJ FTALATA U IGRAČKAMA U REPUBLICI SRPSKOJ /
CONTENT OF PHTHALATES IN TOYS IN REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA

Authors

 

Vesna Lazić1, Vesna Petković2, Milena Todorović3

1 JZU Institut za javno zdravstvo Republike Srpske, Regionalni centar Zvornik
2 JZU Institut za javno zdravstvo Republike Srpske, Služba za higijenu, Banjaluka
3 JZU Institut za javno zdravstvo Republike Srpske, Regionalni centar Doboj

 

UDK: 547.584(497.6)”2016/2017”


The paper was recieved / Rad primljen: 12.04.2018.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 15.05.2018.

 


Corresponding to:


Vesna Lazić,
Svetog Save 37/a, 75400 Zvornik, BiH
Telefon: + 387 65 597 291
e-mail: lazicdrvesna@hotmail.com

 

 

Sažetak

 

Uvod: Ftalati su hemijska jedinjenja koja se dodaju plastičnim masama za poboljšanje fleksibilnosti. U ovoj studiji određivano je prisustvo propisanih šest ftalata u igračkama koje su napravljene od plastičnih masa ili sadrže delove od plastičnih masa, namenjene za tržište Republike Srpske. Cilj rada je da se utvrdi procenat uzoraka koji ne odgovaraju zahtevima regulative u pogledu sadržaja ftalata u 2016. i 2017. godini, utvrditi koji ftalati najčešće odstupaju i ukazati na javnozdravstveni značaj kontrole sadržaja ftalata u igračkama. Materijal i metode: Uzorci su prikupljeni u skladu sa službenom kontrolom igračaka koje su namenjene za tržište u Republike Srpske radi kontrole bezbednosti. U 2016. godini uzorkovano je 74 uzoraka, dok je u 2017. godini 79 uzoraka igračaka za analizu na sadržaj ftalata. Analiza ftalata sprovedena u Službi za sanitarnu hemiju Instituta za javno zdravstvo u Banjaluci metodom gasne hromatografije. Rezultati: Razultati su pokazali da je u 28% uzoraka u 2016. godini, odnosno u 2017. godini 24% uzoraka pronađena veća količina ftalata od dozvoljenih. Najveći broj uzoraka je odstupao u pogledu sadržaja dietilheksil ftalata, zatim diizononil ftalata. Zaključak: S obzirom na to da su igračke namenjene najosetljivijoj populacionoj grupi i da je ustanovljeno da ftalati toksično deluju na organizam, potrebno je posvetiti posebnu pažnju u rešavanju ovog problema.

 

 

Ključne reči:

deca, igračke, ftalati

 

 

Abstract

 

Introduction: Phthalates are chemical compounds that are added to plastics to improve flexibility. In this study, the presence of six phthalate was determined in toys made of plastic materials or containing plastic parts for the Republic of Srpska market. The aim of this paper is to determine the percentage of samples that are not in compliance to the requirements of the regulation regarding phthalate content in 2016 and 2017,  to determine which phthalate often deviate and to deteremine the public health significance of controlling the contents of phthalate in toys. Materials and methods: Samples were collected in accordance with the official safety control of toys intended for the market in Republika Srpska. In 2016, 74 samples were colected, while in 2017, 79 samples were colected and analyzed for phthalate content. Analysis of phthalates conducted in the Department of Sanitary Chemistry of the Institute of Public Health in Banja Luka by the method of gas chromatography. Results: The results showed that in 28% of samples in 2016, that is, in 2017, 24% of the samples found a higher quantity of phthalates than allowed. The largest number of samples deviated in terms of diethylhexyl phthalate content, followed by diisononyl phthalate. Conclusion: Given that toys are intended for the most vulnerable population group and that phthalates have been found to be toxic to the organism, special attention should be paid to solving this problem.

 

 

Key words:

children, toys, phthalates

 

 

References:

 

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PDF Lazić V. et al • MD-Medical Data 2018;10(2): 103-106

 

 

 

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