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KVALITET FIZIČKOG FUNKCIONISANJA KOD ŽENA U POSTMENOPAUZI SA SMANJENOM MINERALNOM KOŠTANOM GUSTINOM/
QUALITY OF PHYSICAL FUNCTIONING IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH REDUCED BONE MINERAL DENSITY

Authors

 

Milica Stanić1, Karmela Filipović1,2, Jelena Zvekić-Svorcan1,2, Rastislava Krasnik1,3, Nataša Nenadov1,4, Aleksandra Mikov1,3

1Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet Novi Sad, Srbija
2Specijalna bolnica za reumatske bolesti Novi Sad, Srbija
3Klinika za dečju habilitaciju i rehabilitaciju. Institut za zdravstvenu zaštitu dece i omladine Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Srbija
4Dom „Veternik“ Veternik, Srbija

 

UDK: 613-056.24:616.71-007.234(497.11)"2017"
616.71-007.234-083


The paper was received 02.01.2018. Accepted: 22.01.2018.

Rad primljen 02.01.2018. Rad prihvaćen: 22.01.2018.

 


Corresponding author/ Autor za korespodenciju:


Milica Stanić
Medicinski fakultet Novi Sad.
Univerzitet u NovomSadu, Srbija.
Tel: +381645060885
e-mail: 610006@mf.uns.ac.rs

 

 

Sažetak

 

UVOD: Osteoporoza je skeletna sistemska bolest koja se karakteriše smanjenom mineralnom koštanom gustinom (MKG) i pogoršanjem mikroarhitekture koštanog tkiva. Osteoporoza negativno utiče na kvalitet života pacijenata, ograničavajući njihove aktivnosti dnevnog života.
CILJ: Ispitati kvalitet fizičkog funkcionisanja kod žena u postmenopauzi koje imaju smanjenu mineralnu koštanu gustinu.
MATERIJAL I METODE: Prospektivna studija preseka obuhvatila je 190 ispitanica, starosti ≥50 godina, kojima je osteodenzimetrijski pregled rađen u Specijalnoj bolnici za reumatske bolesti u Novom Sadu, Srbija. Studija je sprovedena od 24.2.2017. do 3.4.2017. godine i sve ispitanice potpisale su informisani pristanak o uključenju u studiju. Svima je merena mineralna koštana gustina na dve regije od interesa, a su rezultati interpretirani prema definiciji osteoporoze. Svim ispitanicama su postavljena identična pitanja iz upitnika sastavljenog od strane ispitivača i sve su popunjavale Upitnik za procenu kvaliteta života Qualeffo 41-srpska verzija. Analizirana je povezanost posmatranih varijabli sa kvalitetom fizičkog funkcionisanja.
REZULTATI: Prosečna starosna dob ispitanica bila je 67,3±7,65 godina. Skoro polovina ispitanica pripadala je grupi prekomerno uhranjenih (48,4%). Statistički značajna razlika postoji između ispitanica različite starosne dobi (F=10,41, p<0,001) i indeksa telesne mase (F=2,75, p<0,05) kada se radi o kvalitetu fizičkog funkcionisanja. Ispitanice koje imaju niži nivo obrazovanja (F= 5,67, p=0,001) i nisu u radnom odnosu, imaju lošiji kvalitet fizičkog funkcionisanja (F=8,04, p<0,01).
ZAKLJUČAK: Ispitanice starije životne dobi, pothranjene, sa nižim vrednostima mineralne koštane gustine, pretrpljenim prelomima na malu traumu i lošijim socio-demografskim karakteristikama, imaju lošiji kvalitet života, posmatrajući fizičko funkcionisanje.

 

 

Ključne reči:

kvalitet života, mineralna koštana gustina, žene u postmenopauzi

 

 

Abstract

 

INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a systemic skeletal disease characterized by reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and deterioration of bone tissue microarchitecture. Osteoporosis negatively affects the quality of life of patients, limiting their activities of daily living.
AIM: To evaluate the quality of physical functioning in postmenopausal women who have reduced bone mineral density.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study included 190 subjects, aged ≥50 years, referred for osteodensitometric test at the Special Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases in Novi Sad, Serbia. The study was conducted from 24.02. 2017. to 03.04. 2017. and all respondents signed an informed consent to be included in the study. All of them were measured by BMD of the two regions of interest, and the results were interpreted according to the current definition of osteoporosis. All of the respondents were asked identical questions on the questionnaire compiled by the examiner, and they filled out the Serbian version of Questionnaire for Assessment of Quality of Life (QUALEFFO-41 serb vers.). We analyzed the correlation between the observed variables and the quality of physical functioning.
RESULTS: The average age of respondents was 67.3 ± 7.65 years. Almost half of the respondents belonged to a group of over-weighted patients (48.4%). There is a statistically significant difference between the subjects from different age groups (F= 10.41, p<0.001) and body mass index (F= 2.75, p<0.05) in terms of the quality of the physical functioning. The subjects that have a lower level of education (F= 5.67, p=0.001), and aren’t employed, have the worse quality of physical functioning (F=8.04, p<0.01).
CONCLUSION: Elderly subjects, malnourished, with lower values of bone mineral density, who suffered fractures on a small trauma and with worse socio-demographic characteristics, have a poorer quality of life, observing physical functioning.

 

 

Key words:

quality of life, bone mineral density, postmenopausal women

 

 

Reference

 

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PDF Stanić M. et al • MD-Medical Data 2018;10(1): 017-024

 

 

 

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