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ASSESSMENT OF BACTERIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF DRINKING WATER IN WOLKITE TOWN, GURAGE ZONE
PROCENA BAKTERIOLOŠKOG KVALITETA VODE ZA PIĆE U GRADU VOLKITE, GURAGE ZONE

Authors

 

Asegedech Wondimu1, Tadele Girum1, Meron Worku1, Genet Gedamu2

1Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wolkite University, Wolkite, Ethiopia
2Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia

 


Rad je primljen 13.04.2017. / Prihvaćen 04.08.2017

 


Correspondence to


Tadele Girum,
Tel: +251913652268
e-mail: girumtadele@yahoo.com

 

 

Abstract

 

In Ethiopia, the majority of the health problems are due to communicable diseases attributed to unsafe and inadequate water supply. Assuring access to safe drinking water can improve the quality of life for many of individuals in the study area. This study aims at investigating the bacteriological quality of water in Wolkite town, Gurage zone. Bacteriological water quality examination was carried out on water samples (tap and water storage container) taken from 112 households using cluster sampling technique. It was also carried out on water samples taken from protected spring and two water reservoirs.Water samples were analyzed for both total coliform (TC) and fecal coliforms (FC) by using the membrane filter method. The result showed that majority of bacteriological quality of water sources in the study area did not fulfill the criteria of WHO drinking water standards. One tap water sample and 23 houses hold water samples were contaminated with fecal coliforms. From this 10 house hold water samples were > 100 fecal coliform/100ml,and47.2% tap water sample and 69.9% household water samples were contaminated with total coliforms respectively. The study has implications for policy formulation aimed at improving the bacteriological quality of water of the study area.

 

 

 

Key words:

fecal coliform, total coliform, water quality, Wolkite town

 

 

Sažetak

 

U Etiopiji najveći deo zdravstvenih problema dolazi zbog zaraznih bolesti pripisanih nebezbednom i neadekvatnom snabdevanju vodom. Osiguranje pristupa sigurnoj vodi za piće može poboljšati kvalitet života za mnoge pojedince u ispitanom području. Ova studija ima za cilj istraživanje bakteriološkog kvaliteta vode u gradu Wolkite, Gurage zona. Ispitivanje bakteriološkog kvaliteta vode vršeno je na uzorcima vode (tekuća voda i rezervoar) uzetih od 112 domaćinstava koristeći tehniku uzorkovanja klastera. Takođe su ispitani uzorci vode uzeti iz zaštićenog izvora i dva rezervoara za vodu. Uzorci vode analizirani su na totalne koliforme (TC) i fekalne koliforme (FC) pomoću metode membranskog filtera. Rezultat je pokazao da većina vodnih izvora na području istraživanja nije ispunila kriterijume standarda SZO bakteriološkog kvaliteta za piće. Jedan uzorak tekuće vode i 23 uzorka vode u kućnim rezervoarima su zagađeni fekalnim koliformima. Od ovih, 10 uzoraka vode bilo je > 100 fekalnih koliformnih / 100ml i 47,2% uzorka vode iz česme, a 69,9% uzoraka vode u domaćinstvu su kontaminirane sa ukupnim koliformima. Studija ima implikacije za formulaciju politike u cilju poboljšanja bakteriološkog kvaliteta vode u području istraživanja.

 

 

Ključne reči:

fekalni koliformi, totalni koliformi, kvalitet vode, grad Wolkite

 

 

References

 

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UDK: 628.1.033:543.95
COBISS.SR-ID 245415436



PDF Wondimu A. et al • MD-Medical Data 2017;9(3): 155-159

 

 

 

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