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Valerija Munteanu1, Milan Popović2, Radosav Radosavkić3, Ivan Čapo2, Dušan Lalošević2
1 Klinički centar Vojvodine, Klinika za radiologiju, Novi Sad
2 Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet Katedra za histologiju i embriologiju,
3 Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Medicinski fakultet, Katedra za sudsku medicinu.


• Rad je primljen 14.12.2016. / Prihvaćen 27.12.2016.



Correspondence to:
Dr Valerija Munteanu
Klinika za radiologiju, Klinički centar Vojvodine, Novi Sad
Hajduk Veljkova 1-3, 21000 Novi Sad





Introduction: The pineal gland so called because of its resemblance to a pine cone. It has also been said that its shape could be round or almond like.
Aim: We tried to evaluate anatomical types of pineal gland on the cadaveric material of different ageing.
Material and Methods: The study example included 38 pineal glands from persons not younger than 18. After fixation in 10% formalin solution (pH 7.4%) diameters of glands were measured with milimetric paper (AP-anteroposterior, LL-laterolateral, CC-craniocaudal), their ratios were calculated and ratios between the shortest and the other two were tested. Diference 100% greater than the shortest diameter was taken as significant. On this basis types were recognized and modeled by means of the average value of the longest, the second and the shortest diameter with Scetchup 2014.
Results: Four types of ratio between the shortest and the other two diameters were recognized: Type 1.-round-the shortest diameter is at least 50% or more of the value of the longest diameter-12 glands or 32%. Type 2.-intermediate type-the longest diameter is at least as two times longer than the shortest diameter-10 glands, 26%. Type 3.-almond-like-the shortest diameter is at least two times shorter than the other two diameters-15 glands, 39.4%. Type 4.-ribbon-like-two diameters are at least two times shorter than the longest-1 gland, 2.6%
Conclusion: According to the ratio of diameters, four anatomical types were recognized: round type (32%), intermediate type (26%), almond-like type (39.4%) and ribbon-like type (2.6%).


Key words

Pineal gland, pineal gland diameters, anatomical types





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UDK: 615.015-053.2
COBISS.SR-ID 226160396

PDF Munteanu V. et al •MD-Medical Data 2016;8(4): 253-256

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