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PATTERN OF ACUTE POISONING AND MANAGEMENT OUTCOME AMONG PATIENTS PRESENTED TO ADAMA REFERRAL HOSPITAL, ETHIOPIA
PRIKAZ AKUTNOG TROVANJA I ISHOD LEČENJA BOLESNIKA U BOLNICI "ADAMA REFERRAL HOSPITAL" U ETIOPIJI

Authors

 

Jemal Wakushie, Fekede Bekele Daba
School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia.


 

• The paper was received on 26.08.2016. / Accepted on 08.09.2016.

 

Correspondence to:
Fekede Bekele Daba(B.Pharm, M.Pharm, R.Ph)
School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
P.O.Box: 378
Mobile: +251-935970999
Email: fekedeb@gmail.com; fekede.bekele@ju.edu.et

danijeladjuricpetkovic@gmail.com

 

Abstract

 

Background: Poisoning, whether accidental or intentional, is a significant global public health problem. Studies on the causes and consequences of acute poisonings are scarce in Ethiopia. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the circumstances of acute poisoning and determine the types of management and its outcome in Adama Referral Hospital, Ethiopia.
Methods: A cross-sectional study design involving retrospective chart review of acute poisoning adult cases presented to the hospital from February 2013 to January 2015 was conducted using structured format. SPSS software version 20.0 was used for data entry and analysis. Chi-square statistic (χ²) was calculated to determine the relationship between the variables at 95% CI and p-value ≤ 0.05 was used to determine significance.
Result: The study included 226 patients, of which about 53% were females. Mean age was 25.18±9.55 years and majority was below 35 years of age (86.3%). Most cases (81.9%)were intentional poisoning. Poisonous agents associated with most cases were household cleansing agents (41.6%), followed by organophosphates and drugs. The overall mortality rate was 7.5%and the majority was observed in males (64.7%).
Conclusion: Acute poisoning is common and an important clinical emergency, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis, treatment and prevention. Limiting the availability of, and access to, highly toxic chemicals can help reduce the number of intentional poisoning cases in addition to educational programs that emphasis on preventive measures among the general public.

 

 

Key words

poisoning; household; cleansing agents;Adama Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

 

 

References

 

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UDK: 616-099-083.9(63)
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PDF Wakushie J. and Fekede Bekele D. • MD-Medical Data 2016;8(3): 185-189

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