md-medicaldata


Go to content

ASSESSMENT OF LABELING AND PATIENT KNOWLEDGE OF DISPENSED DRUGS AT SHENEN GIBE DISTRICT HOSPITAL OUTPATIENT PHARMACY, ETHIOPIA
PROCENA ZNAČAJA OBELEŽAVANJA I ZNANJA PACIJENATA O IZDATIM LEKOVIMA U SHENEN GIBE DISTRICT VANBOLNIČKOJ APOTECI U ETIOPIJI

Authors

 

Ahmedteha Adem Ahmed, Girma Mamo Ijigu
Department of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Jimma University, Ethiopia


 

• The paper was received on 09.09.2016. / Accepted on 14.09.2016.

 

Correspondence to:
Girma Mamo Ijigu (B.Pharm, M.Sc. RPH)
Jimma University
 P.O.Box – 378
Cell Phone: +251917805608
E-mail address: girma.mamo2004@gmail.com
E-mail: ahmedteha71@gmail.com

 

Abstract

 

Background: The rational use of medicines is crucial for treatment outcome. Dispensing and information provided during dispensing determines use of medicines by patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess labeling and patient knowledge of dispensed drugs at Shenen Gibe District Hospital Outpatient Pharmacy.
Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at Shenen Gibe District Hospital Outpatient Pharmacy from February 09-20/2015 G.C. The pattern of labeling was assessed by calculating the mean labeling scores by evaluating individual packages of dispensed drugs examined using previously prepared check list. The patient knowledge scores were obtained from patient recall of knowledge indicators of dispensed drugs. 
Result: From a total of 290 respondents, most of them recalled the reason for prescription (96.3%) and frequency of administration (95.2%) of drugs dispensed to them. The mean patient knowledge score of dispensed drugs was found to be 4 which represents(66.7%) of the total score on 6 scales .The mean labeling score was found to be 3.46 which represents 49.43% of the total score. The mean dispensing time was found to be 124 seconds which was too short.
Conclusion: This study shows that there was poor labeling practice by the dispensers in the pharmacy during dispensing. But generally, it was concluded that patients served at Shenen Gibe District Hospital Outpatient pharmacy have a fair knowledge on dispensed drugs in spite of the short dispensing time.

 

 

Key words

Labeling, Patient knowledge, Drugs, Shenen Gibe, Outpatient Pharmacy, Ethiopia

 

 

References

 

  1. World health organization (WHO). Conference of experts on the rational use of drug, Nairobi: report on the rational use of drug. General WHO, 1987.
  2. Food, Medicine and Healthcare Administration and Control Authority (FMHACA) of Ethiopia, Manual for Medicines Good Dispensing Practice, 2nd edition, 2012
  3. Dukes MNG, ed. Drug utilization studies. Methods and uses. WHO Regional Publications, European Series No.45. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe, 1993.
  4. Rogers PJ, Rees JE. How community pharmacists label medicines prescribed without appropriate dosage instructions. J Soc Admin Pharmacy 1997; 14(3).
  5. Hogerzeil, H.V., Ross-Degnan, B.D., Laing, R.O., et al. (1993) Field-tests for rational drug use in twelve developing countries. Lancet, 342, 1408-1410.
  6. Chalker J. Managing for rational medicine use. In: MDS-3 Managing Access to Medicines and Health Technologies 3rd ed. Arlington, VA 22203 USA: 2012. P 516 - 532
  7. Margaret-Mary, A. and David, O.A. The impact of three forms of educational interventions on dispensing practices. International Conferences on Improving Use of Medicines (ICIUM). 1997
  8. Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (AHCQ). One third of elderly home health care patients are having problems with their medication. 2003
  9. Boonsta E, etal. Labeling and patient knowledge of dispensed drugs as quality indicator   in primary care In Botswana Qualsaf health care 2003:12:168-175
  10. Shrank WH, Jerry A. Educating patients about their medications: the potential and limitations of written drug information. Health Affairs. 2007; 26(3):731-740
  11. Drug Administration and Control Authority of Ethiopia (DACA).Promoting rational drug use of drugs; drug information bulletin, 2004:24; 2(1) p.1-10
  12. Ejigu E, Gedif T and G/Mariam .Assessment of drug labeling in two selected  hospitals  of  Addis Ababa .The  XVIIIth Scientific conference of Ethiopian pharmaceutical Association, May,29-31 ,1998:14  (17)
  13. Boonsta E, etal. Labeling and patient knowledge of dispensed drugs as quality indicator   in primary care In Botswana Qualsaf health care 2003:12:168-175 (6)
  14. Ootomos, Etal. Evaluation of drug use in Jordan using WHO patient and health facility indicators .East Mediterranean health jul-sep 2002;8(4-5) p 544-549 (8)
  15. G Krause .Rationality of drug prescriptions in   rural health centers in Burkinafaso .Oxford university press, (14),291-298 (10)
  16. Gashow T and Yenet W. Assessment of labeling patient knowledge of dispensed drugs as patient care indicators in Black Lion and Saint Paulos Specialized hospitals outpatient pharmacies. The XXVIIIth, pharmaceutical scientific conference of Ethiopian Association. August 23-25; 2007; 18
  17. Jankovic SM, etal service quality in public and private pharmacies in the city of Kragujevac. Croat medical journal .2001; 42(1); 88-91
  18. Khulumani P, Lauglo M. The availability and distribution of resources for primary health care services. Gaborone: Ministry of Health, Health Research Unit, 1998
  19. Mallet HP, Njikam A and Scouglaire SM. Evaluation of perception practice and rational use of medicines in Niger.  Santé, 2001 jul-sep: 11(13) 185-196

UDK: 615-051:614.253.8(63)
COBISS.SR-ID 226165772



PDF Ahmedteha A. and Girma Mamo I. • MD-Medical Data 2016;8(3): 179-184

Naslovna | Revija | Galerija | Dešavanja | Instrukcije | Redakcija | Izdavač | Prijatelji sajta | Saradnja | Kontakt | Site Map


Back to content | Back to main menu