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EKO-EPIDEMIOLOŠKO ISTRAŽIVANJE BORELIJA /
ECO-EPIDEMIOLOGY RESEARCH OF BORRELIA

Authors

 

Aleksandar Potkonjak

Poljoprivredni fakultet Univerziteta u Novom Sadu

 

UDK: 616.986-036.22


The paper was received / Rad primljen: 11.04.2018.

Accepted / Rad prihvaćen: 11.05.2018.

 


Corresponding to:


Prof. dr Aleksandar Potkonjak
Poljoprivredni fakultet Univerziteta u Novom Sadu
Trg Dositeja Obradovića 8
21000 Novi Sad
e-mail: ale@polj.uns.ac.rs

 

 

Sažetak

 

Od svih vektorski prenosivih infekcija, u Evropi se najčešće registruje lajm borelioza. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato kompleks predstavlja grupu različitih vrsta spiroheta prisutnih širom sveta. Ukupan broj vrsta nije konačan jer se još uvek opisuju genetski i antigenski novi izolati. Patogeni potencijal za čoveka je utvrđen kod sledećih vrsta borelija: B. afzelii, B. bavariensis, B. bissettii, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii, B. kurtenbachii, B. lusitaniae, B. spielmanii i B. valaisiana. Čovek je slučajni domaćin u ishrani krpelja i održavanju B. burgdorferi kao uzročnika ove prirodno žarišne zoonoze. Do uboda krpelja dolazi u prirodi, gde je u proces održavanja B. burgdorferi uključen veliki broj životinjskih vrsta – domaće i divlje životinje, mali glodari, reptili i ptice. Variabilnost ispoljenih kliničkih manifestacija lajm borelioze može da se objasni različitom etiologijom, odnosno vrstom borelije i posledica je genetske raznolikosti uzročnika. Rezultati  dosadašnjih istraživanja ukazuju na različitu dominaciju vrsta borelija iz grupe lajm borelioze  u  I. ricinus krpeljima u odnosu na geografsko područje i vremenski period. Potrebna su dalja sistematska istraživanja prisustva borelija u vektorima i rezervoarima na našem geografskom području kako bi se razumela eko-epidemiologija novootkrivene zoonozne vrste iz grupe povratnih groznica Borrelia miyamotoi.

 

 

Ključne reči:

Borrelia, Epidemiologija, Krpelji, Srbija

 

 

Abstract

 

Of all vector-borne diseases lyme borreliosis is the most reported in Europe. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex represents a group of diverse species of spirochete present worldwide. The total number od species is not final because new genetic and antigenic strains are still being reported. Following species of borrelia have proven pathogenic potencial for humans: B. afzelii, B. bavariensis, B. bissettii, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, B. garinii, B. kurtenbachii, B. lusitaniae, B. spielmanii and B. valaisiana. Humans are accidental hosts in ticks feeding and maintenance of B. burgdorferi as the causative agent of this natural-focal zoonoses. Tick bite occurs in nature, where in the process of maintenance of B. burgdorferi numerous species are included – domestic and wild animals, small rodents, reptiles and birds. Variability of the clinical manifestations of lyme borreliosis can be explained by different etiology or by the species of borrelia and it is a consequence of genetic diversity. The results of previous researches show different dominance of borrelia species  from the lyme borrelia group in I. ricinus ticks in regard to the geographic area and the time period. In order to understand eco-epidemiology of a newly discovered species from the relapsing fever group - B. miyamotoi, further systemic researches on the presence of borrelia in vectors and reservoirs are needed in our geographic area.

 

 

Key words:

Borrelia, Epidemiology, Ticks, Serbia

 

 

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PDF Potkonjak A. • MD-Medical Data 2018;10(2): 071-076

 

 

 

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