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ANALIZA SAMOUBISTAVA NA TERITORIJI VOJVODINE U PERIODU OD 2011. DO 2015. GODINE
EPIDEMIOLOGY OF SUICIDE IN VOJVODINA PROVINCE DURING THE PERIOD 2011-2015

Authors

 

Radosav Radosavkić1, Dušan Vapa1, Gabrijela Dukić, Tanja Lakić2, Igor Veselinović1, Slobodanka Vapa, Milan Popović3

1Katedra za sudsku medicinu, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
2Katedra za patologiju, Medicinski fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu
3Katedra za histologiju i embriologiju, Medicinski Fakultet, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu

 


Rad je primljen 17.10.2017. / Prihvaćen 18.10.2017.

 


Correspondence to


dr Radosav Radosavkić,
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu Medicinski fakultet,
Katedra za sudsku medicinu,
Hajduk Veljkova 3, 21000 Novi Sad
e-mail: radosav.radosavkic@mf.uns.ac.rs

 

 

Sažetak

 

Samoubistvo predstavlja čin svesnog i namernog oduzimanja sopstvenog života. Godišnje u svetu oko 800000 osoba izvrši samoubistvo, a smatra se da još veći broj ljudi pokuša izvršenje istog. Prosečna stopa samoubistava u Srbiji iznosi oko 19 na 100000 osoba, što je svrstava u gornju polovinu liste evropskih zemalja. Cilj istraživanja bio je da se utvrdi broj izvršenih samoubistava u periodu od 2011. do 2015 godine, odnos broja samoubistava između osoba muškog i ženskog pola, najčešće korišćeni metod izvršenja, udeo kompleksnih samoubistava i distribuciju samoubistava po starosnim kategorijama, godišnjim dobima i danima u nedelji. Istraživanje je sprovedeno u Centru za sudsku medicinu, toksikologiju i molekularnu genetiku Kliničkog centra Vojvodine, u vidu deskriptivne studije, uvidom u medicinsku dokumentaciju. U periodu od 2011. do 2015. godine na teritoriji AP Vojvodine samoubistvo je izvršilo 926 osoba. Broj muškaraca koji su izvršili samoubistvo iznosi 747, dok je broj žena 179. Najveći broj samoubistava, među osobama muškog pola, prisutan je u starosnoj kategoriji od 55 do 64 godine, a među osobama ženskog pola kod starosti od 75 i više godina. Vešanje predstavlja najčešće korišćeni metod, kod oba pola. Udeo kompleksnih samoubistava iznosi 0,76%. Ne postoji statistički značajna razlika u broju samoubistava izvršenih u različitim godišnjim dobima, a najveći broj samoubistava izvršen je nedeljom. Izvršeno istraživanje ukazuje na to da postoji potreba za pojačanim merama prevencije samoubistava, naročito među osobama muškog pola starosti 55-64 godina i ženskih osoba starijih od 75 godina, kao i to da se preventivno deluje, pre svega, u mesecima i danima u kojima je broj izvršenih suicida najveći.

 

 

 

Ključne reči:

samoubistva; kompleksna samoubistva; epidemiologija; metod izvršenja samoubistava.

 

 

Abstract

 

Suicide is an act of intentionally causing one's own death. Every year approximately 800,000 people commit suicide. The average suicide rate in Serbia is around 19 per 100,000 people, which puts Serbia in the upper half of the list of european countries. The aim of this study was to define the number of suicides committed in the period 2011-2015, the ratio of the number of suicides among males and females, the most commonly used method of execution, the proportion of complex suicide and the distribution of suicides by age categories, seasons and days of the week. The study was conducted at the Center for Forensic Medicine, Toxicology and Molecular Genetics, Clinical Center of Vojvodina, as a descriptive study, by examining medical records. During the period 2011-2015, in Vojvodina Province, suicide was committed by 926 people - 747 men and 179 women. The highest number of suicides among males was in the age category of 55 to 64 years, and among females aged of 75 years and over. The most commonly used method, in both genders, was the suspension. The proportion of complex suicides was 0.76%. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of suicides committed in different seasons. The largest number of suicides was committed on Sunday. This research suggests that there is a need for intensive work on prevention of suicides, especially among males older than 55 years and females older than 75 years, especially in certain months and days when suicide rate is higher.

 

 

Key words:

suicide; complex suicides; epidemiology; methods of suicid.

 

 

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UDK: 616.89-008.441.44-036.22(497.113)"2001/2015"



PDF Radosavkić R. et al • MD-Medical Data 2017;9(4): 207-211

 

 

 

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