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MYCOTOXINS IN CEREALS AND CEREAL PRODUCTS AS THE RISKS IN FOOD AND THEIR PUBLIC HEALTH SIGNIFICANCE IN THE REPUBLIC OF SRPSKA
MIKOTOKSINI U ŽITARICAMA I NJIHOVIM PROIZVODIMA U REPUBLICI SRPSKOJ KAO RIZICI IZ HRANE I NJIHOV JAVNOZDRAVSTVENI ZNAČAJ

Authors

 

Vesna Petković 1, Dragana Stojisavljević 1,2, Ljiljana Stanivuk 1,2, Biljana Mijović 3,4
1PHI Public Health Institute, Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka Mišović-Dedinje“
2Faculty of Medicine, University of Banja Luka
3Public Health Instite, Užice
4Faculty of Medicine in Foča, University of Sarajevo


 

• The paper was received on 21.06.2016. / Accepted on 28.06.2016.

 

Correspondence to:
Vesna Petković
Simeuna Đaka 70
Phone: + 387 65 482 540
E-mail: vesnavuk@blic.net

 

Abstract

 

Introduction: Controlling mycotoxins in food provides early risk detection since their presence, even in legally permitted concentrations, increases the possibility of health risk occurences, such as allergy manifestations, and they can have potentially toxic, carcinogenic and genotoxic effects. The aim of the paper is to determine the frequency of the presence of mycotoxins within the group of 'cereals and cereal products' in the Republic of Srpska due to their public health importance and possible health risks, and then to point out the need for monitoring the other mycotoxins specified by regulations.
Material and methods: Examination was conducted on 208 samples of cereals products. Determination of the frequency of the presence of mycotoxins was conducted  on a legally prescribed methodology of sampling, chemical analyses and preparation of expert opinions on food safety in accordance with current food regulations. Chi-square test (c2) of contingency and descriptive statistical indicators were used for testing the significance of differences in presence of mycotoxins analyzed in samples of cereals and recommended by regulations.
Results: The results indicate that no health defective food samples were determined at tested parameters - aflatoxins B1, B2, G1, G2, total aflatoxins, ochratoxin A i zerealenone. A statistically significant number of samples examined on aflatoxins(6.63%), ochratoxin A(5.65%) and zerealenone(0.25%) was not determined comparing to the other mycotoxins recommended by regulations (deoxynivalenol, 2 and HT-2 toxins, fumonisins) (c2 =0.205, p=0.651).
Discussion with conslusion: A long-term exposure to mycotoxins, even in permitted concentrations, can damage health, meaning that each early detection of mycotoxins as a food risk found through continuous control has had a public health significance for preservation and promotion of population health in the Republic of Srpska.

 

 

Key words

mycotoxins in cereals, public health significance, health risks

 

 

References

 

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UDK: 633.1:[615.918:632.248(497.6)
663/664:[615.918:632.248(497.6)
COBISS.SR-ID 226167052



PDF Petković V. et al • MD-Medical Data 2016;8(3): 191-194

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